Полные характеристики танка «fv4005 stage ii», великобритания, пт-сау, уровень x

The Centurion Hull

The Centurion was chosen as the basis for this vehicle and three Mk. 3 hulls were removed from service for the prototype development. Other than the removal of the turret and various small additions, the hull would remain mostly unaltered. Armor on the hull remained the same thickness, with about 3 inches (76 mm) at roughly 60 degrees on the front slope. A 650 hp Rolls-Royce Meteor petrol engine, located at the rear of the vehicle, propelled the tank. The Centurion used a Horstmann style suspension, with 3 bogies per side carrying 2 wheels each. The drive sprocket was at the rear with the idler at the front. The driver was located at the front right of the hull.


Полные характеристики

  • Название
    «FV4005 Stage II»
  • Короткое название
    «FV4005»
  • Нация
    Великобритания
  • Класс
    ПТ-САУ
  • Премиумный
    Нет
  • Секретный
    Нет
  • HD модель
    Да
  • Бот
    Нет
  • Новый
    Нет
  • Стоимость покупки
    6 100 000
  • Уровень
    X
  • Максимальная скорость
    • Вперёд
      35км/ч
    • Назад
      12км/ч
  • Стоимость ремонта
    11
  • Коэффициент опыта экипажа
    1.0
  • Корпус
    • Основная броня
      76.2 / 50.8 / 38.1мм
    • Масса
      28 818кг
    • Прочность
      1 480HP
    • Боеукладка
      • Прочность
        260HP
      • Регенерация прочности до
        180HP
      • Стоимость ремонта
        1
  • Топливные баки (Большие)
    • Стоимость покупки
      100
    • Масса
      300кг
    • Прочность
      200HP
    • Регенерация прочности до
      70HP
    • Стоимость ремонта
      1
  • Название
    «FV4005 Stage II»
  • Уровень
    X
  • Стоимость покупки
    100
  • Не продаётся
    Да
  • Основная броня
    14 / 14 / 14мм
  • Масса
    4 500кг
  • Прочность
    370HP
  • Скорость поворота
    16град/сек
  • Поворотный механизм
    • Прочность
      170HP
    • Регенерация прочности до
      85HP
    • Стоимость ремонта
      1
  • Радиус кругового обзора
    390м
  • Приборы наблюдения
    • Прочность
      120HP
    • Регенерация прочности до
      60HP
    • Стоимость ремонта
      1
  • Название
    «183 mm L4»
  • Уровень
    X
  • Стоимость покупки
    335 000
  • Не продаётся
    Да
  • Импульс
    0.68
  • Отдача

    Амплитуда 0.40

  • Скорость поворота
    23.6град/сек
  • Масса
    5 400кг
  • Прочность
    280HP
  • Регенерация прочности до
    140HP
  • Стоимость ремонта
    12
  • Боекомплект
    20шт
  • Радиус разброса
    0.38м/100м
  • Время перезарядки
    30.0сек
  • Коэффициент разброса орудия
    • При повороте башни
      0.30
    • После выстрела
      6.00
    • При сломаном орудии
      2.00
  • Время сведения
    3.0сек
  • Углы ВН
    • Вверх

      Сектор / Угол 0°…360° / +8град

    • Вниз

      Сектор / Угол 0°…360° / -10град

  • Углы ГН
    • Влево
      -90град
    • Вправо
      90град
  • Название
    «AP Mk. 1»
  • Стоимость покупки
    2 250
  • Калибр
    182.9мм
  • Трассер
    Да
  • Урон
    • По броне
      1150HP
    • По модулям
      244HP
  • Количество по умолчанию
    0.20×100%
  • Скорость
    830м/сек
  • Сила притяжения
    9.81м/с²
  • Максимальное расстояние
    720м
  • Пробитие
    300…310мм
  • Название
    «HESH Mk. 1»
  • Стоимость покупки
    20
  • Калибр
    182.9мм
  • Радиус осколков
    5.05м
  • Трассер
    Да
  • Урон
    • По броне
      1750HP
    • По модулям
      244HP
  • Количество по умолчанию
    0.00×100%
  • Скорость
    830м/сек
  • Сила притяжения
    9.81м/с²
  • Максимальное расстояние
    720м
  • Пробитие
    230мм
  • Название
    «HE Mk. 1»
  • Стоимость покупки
    1 900
  • Калибр
    182.9мм
  • Радиус осколков
    5.05м
  • Трассер
    Да
  • Урон
    • По броне
      1750HP
    • По модулям
      244HP
  • Количество по умолчанию
    0.80×100%
  • Скорость
    830м/сек
  • Сила притяжения
    9.81м/с²
  • Максимальное расстояние
    720м
  • Пробитие
    92мм
  • Название
    «FV4005 Stage II»
  • Уровень
    X
  • Стоимость покупки
    82 500
  • Не продаётся
    Да
  • Броня
    • Левая гусеница
      25мм
    • Правая гусеница
      25мм
  • Масса
    11 000кг
  • Максимальная нагрузка
    54 000кг
  • Сопротивляемость грунтов
    1.0 / 1.3 / 1.9
  • Сила торможения
    54 000H
  • Скорость поворота
    30град/сек
  • Коэффициент разброса орудия
    • При движении танка
      0.32
    • При развороте танка
      0.32
  • Коэффициент прочности
    3.0
  • Прочность
    250HP
  • Регенерация прочности до
    190HP
  • Стоимость ремонта
    5
  • Максимальный угол подъёма
    25град
  • Название
    «Rolls-Royce Griffon»
  • Тип
    Бензиновый
  • Уровень
    X
  • Стоимость покупки
    100 000
  • Мощность
    950л.с
  • Масса
    952кг
  • Прочность
    320HP
  • Регенерация прочности до
    160HP
  • Стоимость ремонта
    9
  • Вероятность пожара
    0.20×100%
  • Название
    «SR C45»
  • Уровень
    X
  • Стоимость покупки
    45 600
  • Не продаётся
    Да
  • Масса
    40кг
  • Дистанция
    750м
  • Прочность
    180HP
  • Регенерация прочности до
    108HP
  • Стоимость ремонта
    3.5

Данные обновлены: 8 Фев 2018

The Quest for Firepower

The development of the L4 started in 1950, and was aimed at increasing the firepower of the ‘Heavy Gun Tanks’. This was a uniquely British designation that was not governed by tank weight, but the size of the gun. A requirement was formulated for a tank armed with a gun capable of defeating a 60-degree sloped plate, 6 inches (152 mm) thick, at up to 2,000 yards (1,830 meters), a feat impossible even for the powerful 120 mm L1 gun of the FV214 Conqueror. By 1950, Major General Stuart B. Rawlins, Director General of Artillery (D.G. of A.) had concluded that there was no gun available with that level of ballistic performance and an investigation was launched. Initially, the British Military looked at the development of a 155 mm gun that would be standardized with the USA. However, even this lacked the required punch and, as such, 6.5 and 7.2 inch (165 and 183 mm respectively) High-Explosive Squash Head (HESH) shells were looked at.

At this time, the British Army came to the conclusion that a ‘kill’ did not necessarily mean the complete destruction of an enemy vehicle, and just damaging it was enough to take it out of action was enough. For example, a blown-off track is seen as a kill as it took the enemy vehicle out of action; today this is known as an ‘M’ (Mobility) kill. A ‘K’-Kill would be the destruction of a vehicle. The term used for this method at the time was ‘disruption not destruction’. The 6.5 in/165 mm HESH was not thought to be powerful enough to ‘kill’ a heavily armored target in this manner unless it hit bare armor plate. Attention, therefore, turned instead to the larger 7.2 in/183 mm shell which – Maj.Gen. Rawlins thought – would be powerful enough to render the target inoperable, and therefore ‘kill’ it, wherever it impacted.

The projected gun was designated the 180 mm ‘Lilywhite’. The background of this name is unknown. It may be an interpretation of the ‘Rainbow Code’ used by the WO to identify experimental projects. The ‘Red Cyclops’ flame gun attachment for the FV201, and the ‘Orange William’ experimental missile are examples of this. If this was the case, however, the name should be ‘White Lilly’. It may even simply be named after a Lieutenant Colonel Lilywhite of the Royal Army Ordnance Corps. It must be said that this is all speculation, and no evidence currently exists to support the theory.

It was not until December 1952 that the designation of the gun was officially updated to 183 mm. The design of the gun was accepted and was serialized as the ‘Ordnance, Quick-Firing, 183 mm, Tank, L4 Gun’. In reality, only the HESH shell underwent further development and the number of charges was dropped to one. The 183 mm L4 became one of the largest and most powerful tank guns in the world.

Историческая справка


Основная статья: История FV4005 Stage II

Проект тяжёлой противотанковой САУ разрабатывался в первой половине 1950-х годов.

Начало разработки,испытания и закрытие проекта

Когда вооружение FV4004 Conway (120-мм пушка) было признано недостаточно эффективным, началась разработка FV4005. Самоходка FV4005, в отличие от FV4004, должна была нести пушку калибра 183 миллиметра. Подобное орудие гарантированно могло поражать любые существующие и перспективные танки. Однако установка столь мощной пушки оказалось не слишком простым делом. Во-первых, шасси «Центуриона», будучи использованным в проекте, работало бы, что называется, на пределе своих возможностей. Во-вторых, работа экипажа САУ становилась слишком сложной и нужно было искать некие новые решения. Первую проблему решили при помощи новых противооткатных устройств повышенной эффективности, которые снизили отдачу до приемлемых значений (но она была по-прежнему высока, что вынудило ограничить углы горизонтальной наводки, иначе бы отдача при определенных углах наводки перевернула танк). Вторую проблему, касавшуюся мощного орудия, решили более интересным и оригинальным способом. Поскольку боеприпасы для орудия были слишком тяжелыми, заряжающего освободили от их перемещения по боевому отделению. Справа от казенной части поместили барабанный автомат заряжания, а заряжающего сделали его оператором. Но этот способ оказался невостребованным из-за отказа от крупногабаритной пушки с механизмом заряжания. Также стоит отметить, что мощная, а соответственно и тяжёлая пушка, сделали танк очень медлительным (по некоторым данным, боевая масса прототипа достигала 60 тонн, а значит двигатель «Центуриона» не мог обеспечить приемлемую скорость) , а разработку специального шасси достаточной грузоподъемности сочли нецелеобразной. К тому же такая пушка была сложна в разработке и эксплуатации, а при стрельбе на дальние расстояния сильно хромала точность. Первые испытания истребитель танков FV4005 проходил без башенной «коробки». По неким причинам прототип сперва оснастили лишь нижней частью башни с системой крепления орудия, самой пушкой и рядом вспомогательных агрегатов, в том числе автоматом заряжания. Причины этого точно не известны. В различных источниках называются как затянувшаяся разработка, так и необходимость проверить правильность компоновки оружия и оборудования и лишь потом закрыть их бронированной башней подходящей формы. FV4005 довели до стадии испытаний только в 55-м. Первые несколько месяцев эта самоходка ездила без броневой защиты башенного оборудования, но в дальнейшем ее «достроили». Испытания боевой машины с 183-мм пушкой продолжались почти два года. В 1957 году проект FV4005 сочли бесперспективным и закрыли. Кроме того, во второй половине пятидесятых годов ведущие страны мира уже вовсю работали над созданием противотанковых ракетных комплексов, которые обещали быть гораздо более эффективными, чем имеющаяся артиллерия. Был построен один прототип, на данный момент экспонируемый в танковом музее города Бовингтон.

Fate

Despite the general success of the project, the FV4005 suffered much the same fate as the FV215. The feared Soviet heavy tanks, like the IS-3, which these vehicles were designed to defeat, were not being made in the massive numbers expected, indicating a shift in policy to lighter, more maneuverable, and more lightly armored tanks. The need for ‘Heavy Gun Tanks’ like the Conqueror, FV215 and the FV4005 stand-in, from this perspective, was simply becoming absent. Other changes were also taking place as technology-wise, larger caliber guns with their huge ammunition were becoming obsolete by improved anti-armor performance of smaller guns and by the appearance of a new generation of accurate Anti-Tank Guided Missiles (ATGM).

The dismounted turret of the FV4005 Stage 2. Photo: Ed Francis

The FV4005 project was officially canceled in August 1957, around the same time as the FV215. The three constructed prototypes were divided between various establishments. The Stage 1 was given to the Shoeburyness Proof and Experimental Establishment where the turret was removed and the Centurion hull returned to service. One Stage 2 was offered to the Royal Military College for Science, while the Fighting Vehicle Research and Development Establishment (FVRDE) kept the other Stage 2. The Centurion chassis were also likely returned to service. At some point, one of the turrets found its way to The Tank Museum, Bovington, where it sat alone for a number of years before being mated with a spare Centurion hull owned by the Museum. The vehicle now sits as a ‘Gate Guardian’ outside the museum, alongside a Sherman Grizzly.

Both Illustrations were funded by our Patreon campaign.

Dimensions (L-W-H) 7.82 (without gun) x 3.39  x 3.6 m (25’7″ x 11’1″ x 11’8”)
Total weight 50 tons
Crew 5 (driver, gunner, commander, x2 loaders)
Propulsion Rolls-Royce Meteor; 5-speed Merrit-Brown Z51R Mk. F gearbox 650 hp (480 kW), later BL 60, 695 bhp
Speed (road) Apx. 30 km/h (19 mph)
Armament QF 183 mm (7.2 in) L4 Tank Gun
Armor 76mm @ 60º upper glacis. Turret, 14mm all over.

Sources

2011.2891: Ministry of Supply: Fighting Vehicle Division, AFV Development Progress Report, 1951, The Tank Museum, Bovington 2011.2896: Ministry of Supply: Fighting Vehicle Division, AFV Development Liaison Report, 1955, The Tank Museum, Bovington 2011.2901: Ministry of Supply: Fighting Vehicle Division, AFV Development Liaison Report, 1957, The Tank Museum, Bovington Vickers Ltd. Account Records, 1928 to 1959 (Provided by researcher, Ed Francis)Bill Munro, The Centurion Tank, The Crowood PressPat Ware, Images of War Special: The Centurion Tank, Pen & Sword Books Ltd.Simon Dunston, Haynes Owners Workshop Manual, Centurion Main Battle Tank, 1946 to Present.Simon Dunston, Osprey Publishing, New Vanguard #68: Centurion Universal Tank 1943-2003David Lister, The Dark Age of Tanks: Britain’s Lost Armour, 1945–1970, Pen & Sword Publishingwarspot.ru

Sources

2011.2891: Ministry of Supply: Fighting Vehicle Division, AFV Development Progress Report, 1951, The Tank Museum, Bovington 2011.2896: Ministry of Supply: Fighting Vehicle Division, AFV Development Liaison Report, 1955, The Tank Museum, Bovington 2011.2901: Ministry of Supply: Fighting Vehicle Division, AFV Development Liaison Report, 1957, The Tank Museum, Bovington Vickers Ltd. Account Records, 1928 to 1959 (Provided by researcher, Ed Francis)Bill Munro, The Centurion Tank, The Crowood PressPat Ware, Images of War Special: The Centurion Tank, Pen & Sword Books Ltd.Simon Dunston, Haynes Owners Workshop Manual, Centurion Main Battle Tank, 1946 to Present.Simon Dunston, Osprey Publishing, New Vanguard #68: Centurion Universal Tank 1943-2003David Lister, The Dark Age of Tanks: Britain’s Lost Armour, 1945–1970, Pen & Sword Publishingwarspot.ru

Usage in battles

The main in-game use of this tank is the elimination of hull-down tanks (similar to T30), super-armoured heavy tanks in general (similar to IS-7), well-armoured SPG’s (similar to Ho-Ri) and the likes of them. Meanwhile, you still can help your team by hiding around and eliminating reckless rushers in 1 hit, when they aren’t looking.

Your main goal in between your hunts is to survive and stay hidden, as you only have enough armour to stop 7.64 mm machineguns, and your reloading time is exceptionally long, especially if you lose either of the loaders. Contrary to popular belief, if you aim poorly with FV4005 it does not one-shot anything out of existence anyway. You should first get out of your cover (or wait for the enemy to get into your firing lines), then take aim at the enemy, and only then fire. HESH shell will do the rest for you if your aim and weak spot suggestion was correct.

Weak spots depend on the mode you play in. As an example, for most Soviet Union tanks, the frontal weak spot is the left side of the hull (for you — right side). It’s also possible to target the back of their turrets in Realistic battle. However, if you fire at back of the turret of IS-2 in arcade mode, it may still survive with just 1 crew member (driver with very high «vitality» level), go into «last stand» mode, turn it’s turret and fire back at you. As such, try to aim at places, from which spalling can definitely hit every last crew member.

likewise, in arcade mode, it’s not enough to just eliminate crew in your turret, and your driver is hidden in the decently armoured hull. However, if your gun breech got damaged, there is a chance, that the shell in it will also be destroyed, and you won’t be able to avenge yourself.

Going into sniper duels without preparations, like rangefinding and adjusting the gun beforehand, with this tank is ill-advised, as any sniper tank needs significantly less time to aim at you, due to fact that your turret cannot turn freely, your enormous profile and different ammunition type. They also can destroy you in 1 hit as well, by hitting your ammo.

Modules

Tier Mobility Protection Firepower
I Tracks Parts Horizontal drive
II Suspension, Brake system FPE Adjustment of fire
III Filters Crew replenishment Elevation mechanism
IV Transmission, Engine

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Armed with the gigantic 183 mm cannon. This is the biggest gun mounted on any tank in the game.
  • 183 mm HESH will cause the spalling of enemy armour that is 254 mm thick or less. Devastating to even the most heavily armored tanks.
  • Has the hull of a centurion. So the upper plate is actually strong.
  • Large gun breech can potentially protect some of the turret crew from incoming fire and shrapnel.
  • The co-axial machine gun has a very similar trajectory to the 183 mm gun, making it ideal for ranging.

Cons:

  • Huge turret with only 14 mm of armor all around. Can be shredded by .50 cal machine guns and auto cannons.
  • Lots of ammo lining the entire turret which can be detonated with little effort.
  • 4 of the 5 crew are in turret. An APHE penetration or high calibre HE shells hit will likely one-shot the tank.
  • HESH is inherently unreliable, a hit to a wrong spot on certain enemy tank chassis or armour may do no damage at all despite shell’s potential, while a close miss might annihilate enemy tank regardless
  • Carries only 12 shells.
  • Due to the thin turret armor and sheer size of the tank, is a prime target for AA guns and all aircraft at the BR.

History


Work started on a 180 mm self-propelled gun in 1950 by Nuffield Mechanizations & Aero. Designated the FV215B, the plan was to mount the gun onto the Conqueror hull. It was intended for the three trial vehicles to be built from the span of 1951-1955. The project was cancelled in early 1957 with no prototypes produced.

During the development phase of the FV215B, another project was done on the Centurion. Labeled the FV4005, it was an attempt to mount the 180 mm on the Centurion hull. The design phase is distinctive in two parts, Stage I and II. Stage I had the gun mounted on an open-topped hull. The gun had a concentric recoil system and an auto-loader. Stage II had the gun encased in a lightly armoured, splinter-proof turret with a conventional recoil system and manual loading.

In December 1952, the 180 mm gun was increased into a 183 mm gun mounting. Though a single prototype was made for testing, the project never passed basic feasibility. In August 1957, the project was abandoned as well. The lone prototype is currently stationed outside at Bovington Tank Museum.

Историческая справка

Основная статья: История FV4202

Экспериментальный танк, созданный на базе среднего танка Centurion. Работы над машиной велись с 1956 по 1959 год. Серийно не выпускался. Технические решения и инновации, воплощённые в FV4202, явились основой для танка FV4201 Chieftain.

Интересной особенностью этого танка было «лежачее» расположение механика-водителя. В серию FV4202 не пошёл, так как к этому времени уже полным ходом развивалась концепция единых боевых танков. Да и сами англичане с 1945 года отказались от деления танков на крейсерские и пехотные.

FV4202 действительно был во-многом основой для будущего Chieftain. Исследования и разработки начались в начале 1950-х годов и 2 прототипа были произведены для оценки конкретных технических возможностей. Один из наиболее важных был как раз 40-тонный Centurion (FV4202), у которого были реализованы полулежачее положение для механика-водителя и монтаж пушки без внешнего щитка — башня типа «mantlet-less». Первое из этих решений было предназначено, чтобы уменьшить общую высоту танка; второе сделало орудие менее уязвимым.

General info

Survivability and armour

The FV4005 Stage II has essentially negligible armour, the turret providing 14mm of protection from any given angle. Due to this and the vehicle’s crew being largely based in the turret, the 4005 is extremely vulnerable to even .50 calibre machine guns. The only redeeming trait in regards to survivability is that the crew may survive some side-on attacks due to the sheer size of the gun breech. Regardless, an FV4005 player should not rely on surviving anything bar the lightest of machine gun fire.

Armour type:

  • Rolled homogeneous armour
  • Cast homogeneous armour (Gun mantlet)
Armour Front Sides Rear Roof
Hull 76.2 mm (61°) Front glacis 76.2 mm (44°) Lower glacis 50.8 (12°) + 6 mm 38 mm (6°) Top 38 mm (13°) Bottom 38 mm 29 mm Engine deck
Turret 14 mm (10°) Turret front 14 mm (12-61°) Gun mantlet 14 mm (0-8°) 14 mm (1°) 14 mm

Notes:

  • Tracks and suspension wheels are both 20 mm thick.
  • Spaced armour plates are placed on the side of the Centurion chassis, giving an additional 6 mm of side armour.
  • The rear has a steel rack providing an additional 15 mm of protection.

Crew

  • Commander
  • Gunner
  • Loader x2
  • Driver

Total: 5 crew members

Mobility

Game Mode Max Speed (km/h) Weight (tons) Engine power (horsepower) Power-to-weight ratio (hp/ton)
Forward Reverse Stock Upgraded Stock Upgraded
Arcade 30 10 60 923 1,240 15.38 20.67
Realistic 27 9 575 650 9.58 10.83

The FV4005 doesn’t represent anything special in terms of mobility; the vehicle utilises a Centurion hull and retains most of the same characteristics, including the somewhat sub-par reverse speed. Hull traverse times are reasonable, but not exceptional, and maximum forwards speed is a limited 28 km/h in RB/SB.

Due to the vehicle’s limited mobility, players should play conservatively, avoiding flanking routes and any areas where there is no immediate escape route available. The Tracks upgrade is particularly valuable on the FV4005, as due to its limited turret traverse distance the improved hull traverse will on occasion be a saving grace.

Stage 1

In a 1951 Ministry of Supply: Fighting Vehicle Division ‘AFV Development Report’ – regarding the development of an AFV mounting of the 183 mm gun – the ‘Stage’ or, ‘Scheme 1’ is described as such:


The Stage 1 was built as a test vehicle, as such, it lacked a few components. On the Stage 1, a bespoke platform was constructed that was installed over the original turret ring. This platform was a solid floor, did not incorporate a basket, and was not, in any way, enclosed. The L4 gun was installed in a rigid mount and was completely fixed in elevation. The platform was capable of full horizontal traverse, but firing would be restricted to a limited arc over the front and rear of the vehicle. As mentioned in the report, the gun used a concentric recoil system. This utilized a tube placed around the breech end of the barrel, acting as a space-saving alternative to traditional recoil cylinders.

Two down view of the FV4005 ‘Stage 1’ at ‘Workshop 5’. Note the concentric recoil system at the breech end of the gun, and the gunner’s seat on the left of the gun. Photos: The Tank Museum, Bovington

Space on the platform was limited, as such, there were only positions available – presumably – for the gunner and loader. The gunner was seated on the left of the gun in a well-padded seat complete with a back-rest. Behind him was a large rack for ammunition stowage. The fact that the gun was fixed in elevation allowed the installation of a mechanical ‘loading assist’ device to help the loader handle the combined 233 lb (105.5 kg) weight of the ammunition by aligning it with the breach. This was not an automatic loader as it lacked a rammer. There was no seat for the loader. The driver’s position – the front right of the hull – was unchanged.

The only other changes to the Centurion hull were the addition of a large recoil spade at the rear and a large folding travel lock or ‘gun crutch’ to use the British term. The spade was used to transfer recoil forces from the chassis directly to the ground, easing the strain on the suspension. When the vehicle was in position, it would be lowered to the ground. When the gun was fired, the spade provided a back-stop by digging into the ground.

Rare image of the ‘Stage 1’ traversing a vehicle-deployed bridge. Note the large ‘gun crutch’. Photo: Ed Francis

The ‘Stage/Scheme 1’ was subjected to numerous firing trials. Despite some issues with the concentric recoil system, the trials were a general success. Work then progressed to the ‘Stage/Scheme 2’ vehicle.


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